A recording of the event can be found here:

Primary materials

The Cabinet Manual 2011 <https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/60641/cabinet-manual.pdf > accessed 12 May 2023Constitution of the Conservative Party, Amended January 2021 <https://public.conservatives.com/organisation-department/202101/Conservative%20Party%20Constitution%20%20as%20amended%20January%202021.pdf> accessed 12 May 2023Elections Act 2022 <https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2022/37/contents/enacted> accessed 12 May 2023Labour Party Rule Book 2023 <https://labour.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2023/01/Rule-Book-2023-FINALwebv3.pdf> accessed 12 May 2023Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000 <https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2000/41/contents> accessed 12 May 2023

secondary materials


Bradley, A. W., Ewing, K. D. and Knight, C. J. S. Constitutional and Administrative Law, 18th ed. (Pearson, 2022)Cross, W. P. and Katz, R. S. (ed.) The Challenge of Intra-Party Democracy (Oxford, 2013)Erskine May's Treatise on the Law, Privileges, Proceedings and Usage of Parliament, 25th ed. (LexisNexis, 2019) <https://erskinemay.parliament.uk/> accessed 12 May 2023Heppell, T. Choosing the Tory Leader: Conservative Party Leadership Elections from Heath to Cameron (I.B. Taurus, 2008)Olson, D. M. Democratic Legislative Institutions: A Comparative View (M.E. Sharpe, 1994)Pilet, J. and Cross, W. (ed.) The Selection of Political Party Leaders in Contemporary Parliamentary Democracies: A Comparative Study (Routledge, 2014)Quinn, T. Electing and Ejecting Party Leaders in Britain (Palgrave, 2012)Schofield's Election Law, 3rd ed. (loose-leaf) [Held in the Inner Temple Library]Webb, P. The Modern British Party System (Sage, 2000)


Bale, T. Britain’s Political Parties and the Constitution (Institute of Government and Bennett Institute for Public Policy, February 2023)
<https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/sites/default/files/2023-02/Britain%27s%20political%20parties%20and%20the%20constitution.pdf> accessed 12 May 2023
Blick, A. (ed). The Constitution in Review Fourth Report from the United Kingdom Constitution Monitoring Group For period 1 August - 31 December 2022 (The Constitution Society, 2023)
<https://consoc.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2023/03/Constitution-in-Review-4-1.pdf> accessed 12 May 2023
Burton, M. and Tunnicliffe, R. 'Membership of political parties
in Great Britain' (House of Commons Library Research Briefing, 30 August 2022) <https://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/SN05125/SN05125.pdf> accessed 12 May 2023
Green, D. A. 'Judicially Reviewing a Political Party – and Why Tortoise Has a Point As Well As a Weak Legal Case' (The Law and Policy Blog, 30th August 2022)
<https://davidallengreen.com/2022/08/judicially-reviewing-a-political-party-and-why-tortoise-has-a-point-as-well-as-a-weak-legal-case/> accessed 12 May 2023
Greene, A. 'Does Rishi Sunak need to call a General Election?' (The University of Birmingham, 26 October 2022) <https://www.birmingham.ac.uk/news/2022/does-rishi-sunak-need-to-call-a-general-election> accessed 12 May 2023‘How Liz Truss won the Conservative leadership race’ (BBC News, 5 September 2022)
<https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-60037657> accessed 12 May 2023
Johnston, N. 'Leadership Elections: Conservative Party' (House of Commons Research Briefing, 25 October 2022) <https://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/SN01366/SN01366.pdf> accessed 12 May 2023Johnston, N. 'Leadership Elections: Labour Party' (House of Commons Research Briefing, 26 September 2022) <https://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/SN03938/SN03938.pdf> accessed 12 May 2023Klempererer, D. 'Party Members Choosing Prime Ministers - A Constitutional Concern?' (Mile End Institute, 12 August 2022) <https://www.qmul.ac.uk/mei/news-and-opinion/items/party-members-choosing-prime-ministers---a-constitutional-concern.html> accessed 12 May 2023Leoni. L. 'Who Should Pick Party Leaders: MPs, Members or a Wider Public?' (The Constitution Unit, 5 July 2019) <https://constitution-unit.com/2019/07/05/who-should-pick-party-leaders-mps-members-or-a-wider-public/> accessed 12 May 2023Liddington, D. 'Fellow Tories, We Look Incompetent and Self-Obsessed. As You Vote for Our Leader, Put the Country First' (The Guardian, 23 October 2022 <https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2022/oct/23/fellow-tories-we-look-incompetent-and-self-obsessed-as-you-vote-for-our-leader-put-the-country-first> accessed 12 May 2023Maddox, B. 'The Power Held by UK Political Party Members is No Longer a Defence' (Financial Times, 18 July 2022) <https://www.ft.com/content/a2c25fe7-9620-4acc-bd8d-0f22a86aa4f6> accessed 12 May 2023 [Paywall]Nevett, J. 'Tory Members Vent Fury at Rishi Sunak’s Coronation by MPs' (BBC News, 25 October 2022) <https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-63388010> accessed 12 May 2023Quinn, T. 'The Party Leadership Dilemma: Balancing MP and Member Preferences' (LSE, 6 September 2016) <https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/politicsandpolicy/the-internal-democracy-dilemma/> accessed 12 May 2023Quinn, T. 'Explainer: How Political Parties Choose Their Leaders' (The Conversation, 8 May 2015)
<https://theconversation.com/explainer-how-political-parties-choose-their-leaders-41534> accessed 12 May 2023
Russell, M. 'Why a Central Role for Party Members in Leadership Elections is Bad for Parliamentary Democracy' (The Constitution Unit, 6 February 2020)
<https://constitution-unit.com/2020/02/06/why-party-leadership-elections-are-bad-for-parliamentary-democracy/> accessed 12 May 2023
Russell, M. 'Why Grassroots Members Shouldn’t Choose Party Leaders' (The Conversation, 5 November 2022) <https://theconversation.com/why-grassroots-members-shouldnt-choose-party-leaders-131123> accessed 12 May 2023Saunders, R. ‘Why Party Members Should Never be Allowed to Elect Prime Ministers’. (The New Statesman, 20 June 2019) <https://www.newstatesman.com/politics/uk-politics/2019/06/why-party-members-should-never-be-allowed-elect-prime-ministers> accessed 12 May 2023Tebbit, N. 'Like Me, the Conservative Party is Afflicted by Old Age and Battle Damage' (Daily Telegraph, 15 August 2022) <https://www.telegraph.co.uk/politics/2022/08/15/like-conservative-party-afflicted-old-age-battle-damage/> accessed 12 May 2023Westerman, B. The Inner Workings of British Political Parties The Interaction of Organisational Structures and their Impact on Political Behaviours (The Constitution Society, 2019)
<https://consoc.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/Westerman-The-Inner-Workings-of-British-Political-Parties.pdf> accessed 12 May 2023
'What Role Should Party Members Have in Leadership Elections?' (The Constitution Unit, 7 April 2022) <https://www.ucl.ac.uk/constitution-unit/events/past-events/what-role-should-party-members-have-leadership-elections> accessed 12 May 2023White, H. 'Liz Truss's Struggles as PM Expose the Flaws in Party Leadership Selection Rules'
(Institute for Government, 19 October 2022)
<https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/article/comment/liz-trusss-struggles-pm-expose-flaws-party-leadership-selection-rules> accessed 12 May 2023
Williams, J. ‘Who are the Tory Party Members Picking the Next UK Prime Minister’ (Financial Times, 21 July 2023) <https://www.ft.com/content/1454fe21-5b2e-459c-966c-65fd48d52f8f> accessed 12 May 2023 [Paywall]

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